The Applicability of Self-Determination Theory for Cross-cultural Coaching: A Study with Assigned and Self-initiated Expatriates
P de Araujo International Journal of Evidence Based Coaching and Mentoring 2021
This study explores how cross-cultural coaching supports individuals in their expatriation cycle. Interpretative Phenomenology Analysis was used to explore semi-structured interviews with assigned and self-initiated expatriates. The findings show that individuals express the need for autonomy, competence and relatedness in their expatriation journey and how the relocation to a new socio-cultural environment might hinder individuals’ innate tendency to growth and development. The main contribution of this study is to propose the possibility of cross-cultural coaching being informed by Deci and Ryan’s Self-Determination Theory. As a practical implication, organizations should contemplate cross-cultural coaching support for expatriates and their partners.